Thursday, February 8, 2018

Comemorations determined by the Moronoyo Feast of Resurrection (Qyomto).

Commemorations determined by the Moronoyo feast of Resurrection (Qyomto).
The Church in India adopted the Liturgy of the West Syrians (Syrian Orthodox) with each Sunday and days of the Holy Lent associated to the theme /primary character or event and thereafter on to Feast of Pentecost.  As we enter and journey through the Holy Lent, it is fitting that we have this reference
The date of  Feast of Resurrection (Qyomto). is determined according to the rule laid down by the Synod of Nicaea (AD 325). According to the Synod, Easter should be commemorated on the Sunday following the full moon after the spring equinox, though never on the day of the full moon itself. Since the date of Easter is tied to a lunar calendar, its date is not fixed on the Julian or Gregorian calendars.
The great fast of our Lord precedes the feast of Resurrection commencing on the Monday seven weeks prior.
The three day fast of the Ninevites (sawmo d-ninwoyé) begins on the Monday three weeks prior to the commencement of the Great Lent.
The first Sunday following the fast of the Ninevites commemorates all departed clergy of the Church (kohné) and the Sunday following commemorates all faithful departed (`aneedé ).
The Church, on this very afternoon of the ‘Day of Forgiveness,’ has set her journey into penitence. And so, kneeling and prostrating, her people look ahead to Kymtho, the great feast of the Light. The service of reconciliation is conducted on Monday, the first day if the Great Lent, at the end of third hour. The Service of Reconciliation or shubqono, stands at the ‘threshold of Great Lent
The Sunday that marks the beginning of the Great Lent commemorates the Wedding Feast of Cana (qotné da-gleeylo) which marked the beginning of the public ministry of our Lord. On subsequent Sundays, events from our Lord's healing ministry are remembered :
Healing of the Leper (garbono) on the second Sunday of the Great Fast, Paralytic (msharyo) on the third, Canaanite woman (kna`nayto) on the fourth, Good Samaritan (shamryoto) or the hunch-back woman (kfifto) on the fifth,Blind man (samyo) on the sixth, leading to Palm Sunday (oosha`né) and the week of Passion (hasho).
The Wednesday of the fourth week of the fast marks the middle of the Lent (phelgo d-sawmo) and the Feast of the Holy Cross.
The Annunciation to the Mother of God (sooboro) falls on the 25th of March and is of such significance that the liturgy of the Eucharist is required to be offered even if it falls on the Friday of Passion.
The fortieth day of Lent falls on the Friday before the Passion Week.
The raising of Lazarus (noohomeh d-lo`ozor) is commemorated the following day on Saturday.
The Passion week (hasho) begins with the Sunday of Hosanna (oosha`né).
The order of entrance into heaven, commemorating the parable of the ten virgins (naheeré) is celebrated in the evening of Palm Sunday.
The Thursday of Mysteries (hamsho d-rozé) or Passover (phesaho) is commemorated on the Thursday of Passion Week.
On Thursday evening is the commemoration of the washing of the feet of the disciples by our Lord.
Friday of Passion Week is the Great Friday of Crucifixion (`rubto rabto dazqeephootho).
The Saturday is the Saturday of Good Tidings when our Lord descended into Sheol to preach the Good News to the departed.
On Sunday, the resurrection of our Saviour (qyomto phorooqoyto) is celebrated.
The following Sunday is called New Sunday or Whit Sunday (had b-shabo hadto) and days in between are called the heworé (White [days]).
The Ascension of our Lord to heaven (suloqo) is commemorated on the sixth Thursday after the resurrection.
The Pentecost (phentiqostee) falls on the Sunday, ten days after the Feast of Ascension.
February 8, 2018
(Source: Complied from Internet)

Sunday, November 12, 2017

A Prayer by St. Ephraim to work out our Salvation in coperation with God

In the Orthodox Christian Tradition, we are taught to work out our Salvation in cooperation with Grace of God who works in us (Ref :  Therefore, my dear friends , as you have always obeyed - not only in my presence ,but much more in my absence -Continue to work out your salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God who works in you to will and to act in order to fulfill His good purpose - Philippians 2:12) .
This teaching is what has been practised in the Church by those before us and it is in our peril we forget this that has been handed to us. An example of this is reflected in the 5th Psalm of the Spiritual Psalter by St. Ephraim in 4th Century and pray that we too can make his prayer our own.

November 12, 2017
Calgary, Canada


Like the apple Thine eye , Preserve me, O Lord God ; Defend me and beneath Thy wings Shelter me from temptations.
Be the guardian of the eye , that it might not look abut in the manner of a thief ;
Be the guardian of the ear that it might not perceive falsehood
Be the guardian of the lips, that slander, judgement , criticism and idle words might not come froth from them.
Be the guardian of the heart, that it might not be inclined to evil nd might not work iniquity.
Grant us, O Lord, knowledge both of what we should do and how to set about it.
Grant us , O our Lord ,that we may be sweeter to Thee than fragrances and perfumes.
Grant us , O our Lord , that we may love Thee and hate the world.
Grant us , Our Lord, to acquire Only Thee rather than all transient possessions.
Grant us ,O our Lord , to bring to Thee three choice gifts .
Grant us , O our Lord to burn three aromatic censers before Thee.
Grant us , O our Lord ,to light for thee three brightly burning lamps : The Spirit, The Soul and The Body ,these three gifts to the One Trinity .
Let us dedicate the Spirit to the Father , The Soul to the Son and the Body to the Holy Spirit - The Spirit which will raise it again from dust.
O Father Consecrate our Spirit to Thyself ,
O Son , Consecrate our Soul to Thyself !
O Holy Sprit, Consecrate to Thyself our Body which is afflicted by sores.
Grant us , O our Lord , to rejoice in Thee, and may though rejoice in us in the last day.
To thee is praise from the Spirit, Soul and Body
And unto us be Thy Mercies .


Monday, September 25, 2017

P.A George - Memory Eternal

I woke up to this news on September 28, 2014 on the passing away from this life of Mr. P.A George on Marthoman TV web page.
The web post indicated only the passing away of the retired director of Indian Meteorological service. The post did not give any reference to what Mr. P.A George's connection with Malankara Orthodox Church was and probably it is quite difficult to the media to find out his connection as he may have not donated or managed charitable/spiritual organizations associated with Malankara Orthodox Church. Since it mentioned him felt it fitting to share some thoughts.
First of all let me say, I have met Mr. P.A George only twice in my life and considered it a blessing both times and am posting this to honor his memory and praying that through this post God may use us for His Glory. My first interaction with Mr. P.A George was almost 25 years back and second in July 2014 during our visit to India.
Almost 25 years back, during a study leave vacation from Bangalore where I was studying for my Engineering degree to Prashanth Nagar, Trivandrum when I met him as a retiree for the first time.  His sight was poor even then but very modestly as if he was not sure if he had captured the essence appropriately, shared a small book that he had published with notes on Holy Qurbana. 
It was an eye opener to me - God in His mercy has blessed abundantly and given us the Church and it falls on each of us who are born again into it to come to it , learn and live in Christ .
This realization of me as one who have hidden the Talent given was reinforced, when I saw him for the second time after 25 Years. After the first visit, I had tried many times sporadically to visit him, but the house was either locked or someone would come tell that he is not there. After a while and in my travels, PA George Sir was forgotten and the book that he gave was just a passing memory.
In 2014, when we visited Trivandrum , we passed by a small house and was told that the person who lived there was a very old man who had lost his eyesight and under the care of a family for whom he had built a house there. His wife had passed away and children had moved on to other places for their livelihood.  Somehow, I felt compelled to ask the driver to stop the car to see him and sure enough I see PA George sir around 90. Though he could not see, he recognized my voice and invited me to come later on in the evening for evening prayer at his home. 
When I mentioned of his book and that I still have a copy , He told how he has heard that they republished it  and told while there may be many books now how in those days  there were none and it was a passionate desire to produce that to help himself and future generation. He told of how some of the Bishops like HG Barnabas of America has encouraged him.
What amazed me most during that evening with him was that in a time when many a clergy and us forget the need and how within our resources Christian fellowship , He had been opening him home weekly for an hour for any one to walk in read the Bible, Sing few Hymns together and help each other live out faithfully their life in Christ. While  He also explained that his home was open all denominations and even those outside of the faith comes there, His conviction on Orthodox Christian faith has never faltered and as he is old to travel has the local priest come home to hear his confession and partake of Eucharist.
It is the prayers and encouragement of those like PA George Sir, that the Church will always thrive and so fitting they are in Christ and our faith to proclaim Memory Eternal!
September 25, 2017
Calgary, Canada


Monday, September 4, 2017

Ramban Mathews of Mylapra, Pray for us Sinners

One of the most unknown Fathers of the Orthodox Church in India ,in my mind, is Ramban Mathews of Mylapra , whom we remember in our prayers and departed this world on September 4, 1991

The lives of our Fathers and Mothers in Christ who have lived and departed this life are  helpful as much as how they learned ,lived and practised their Faith in their lives and how much the future generations choose to select  the good from them and implemented in their own lives. Mylapara Ramachan Mathews communicated with God and fellow man through his life while alive and yet now. Even as last week had a Priest witness that he was inspired to become a priest by Mylapra Rambachan and a family tell that in privacy of their home praying the prayers of Ramabachan

It is with that in mind ,praying that through this posting others would know him , seek his prayers to follow in his steps and thereby each of us as individuals and Church glorify God.

 A lot of what taught and lived came to light only after he departed.  He left as a faithful record of his silent communications with God through a Malayalam manuscript coming to almost 5000 pages which he called "Madhurabhasanam"("Sweet Conversation" ).  This was later on published in Malayalam and to my understanding is either translated or being translated fully into English . Below are two small sections from the small translation of the first volume to English that touched me deeply  :

Witness of others in the Eulogy by Fr. Sam George  (Fr. Sam was praying with him on the day Rambachan died).

" It was midnight on 4th September 1991. Ramban Mathews woke up to say his midnight prayers. He stood with folded hands before his Creator in the silence of the night ,reciting prayers. And when the regular prayer was completed he laydown to sleep. He woke up at 3 a.m. for prayer . After prayers he took a draught of water and laid down to sleep . In bed he felt an uneasiness. Yet he did not disturb the sleeping dear ones around. He gradually sank to unconsciousness, " The death of the just" like a deep sleep embraced him, leaving memories of a glorious Christian life  of adventure with God".

Rambachan lived his life with prayer and find God's will in his life in obedience  Correspondence between him while a priest and his spiritual father the Catholicose of the East HH Gee Varghese Mar Baselios II .

" May it pleases your Holiness ",

" I am glad to know that your Holiness has returned to the Aramana after a surgical operation on your eye and is well. I thank God for the great healing showered upon your Holiness and praise His Holy name. I very much desire to go to your holy presence and seek your blessings.

It is a long while since I thought of visiting with your Holiness and seeking the comfort I very much want at present. I very humbly request your Holiness who is my spiritual father to forgive my errors and bless me with wise counsel and give me proper direction if at all I have offended your Holiness in any way out of ignorance or human weakness . I submit that I am always prepared to accept any word of yours regardless of my sentiments.

Holy Father, I am a humble servant of thine raised to the priesthood of Our Lord Jesus Christ by your Holiness's blessed hands. I am at one thankful to God and to your Holiness . I praise his most holy name. But as days pass by , I realize more and more my incompetence and weakness. I regret that no good as envisaged by God proceeds from me. I regret very much that I am not of any consolation to the Holy Fathers who desire my good and pray for me. The quarrels within our Church, legal suits, the infiltration of the catholics to waylay our faithful , the immodest claims of the Jacobites, the treachery of the priests teaching dividing the flock instead of uniting them in the name of God , the tendency of the priests and laity to cross the floor upon petty differences vex your Holiness ;  my heart pines . What can I, a weakling do to remedy these evils? I am prepared when it becomes to die for the benefit of our Church. I often feel it is better to die than to wallow in the present dirty confused condition of the Church.  Who am I to judge others? I very much long to see Church flourish to bear good fruits. Faith and Love have departed from the world. Above all , my daily responsibilities increase beyond my capacity to meet them and, unforeseen adversities confront me. Thus I am put to confusion and feel exhausted.

Under these circumstances, I am deeply moved in my soul to seek your Holiness's permission and blessing to keep aloof from the miserable affairs of the world for one calendar year from 15th August 1930 to 14th August 1931, spending my time in total silence and prayer in peace and solitude. I have to move to some forest or some cave for solitude . But my present circumstances and the compulsion of the Attachakkal parishioners do not permit to leave the present premises. So I prefer to remain in the parsonage and do penances. I cannot be contented otherwise . I pray your Holiness to bless me and permit me to pray in silence for the above said period  for my spiritual perfection and for the overall progress of Church. I think I should undergo voluntary imprisonment for my sins as well as for the sins of my forbearers and my parishioners.

During this period, I shall not talk to anyone. I shall offer Holy Qurbana on Sundays, Wednesday and Friday and give the homily on the scripture reading of the day. I want myself exempted from hearing confessions from other priestly obligations for the successful completion of my vow.

I have made arrangements with Rev. Fr. Jacob of Kodassanad to look after the spiritual needs of the parish besides with Fr. Geevarghese Pulimukathu. He is happy with my conditions. I have made necessary arrangement to see all my responsibilities faultlessly met.  There might be errors and pitfalls in my thinking . I know of your Holiness, mindful of my welfare, would remedy them and order the best way and end I should choose . I am prepared to follow your orders verbatim. Nevertheless my soul yearns to perform the penance and wait your Holiness's well considered disposal of my petition.

Your Holiness's obedient Spiritual Son Velasseril Mathews Kassisa
Mar Philoxenos Church , Attachakkal \

His Holiness Geevarghese Mar Baselios II , Catholicose of the East from the Holy Apostolic See of St. Thomas to dear Fr. Mathews Velasseril , Attachakkal.

Beloved Son,
Received your mail. Your longings are appreciable. . Prayer and Penance are sure methods to ward off Satan . We are glad to know that you do it. But it is not wise to start with such severe vows to face unforeseen troubles during the progress and fall back. Satan help one towards holiness and fells him unawares. So make firm steps gradually and patiently. My son be not so holy that you may perish ;be not so impure that you may not perish. Some monastics observed fasting for 40 days and resumed normal lives the following 40 days. I think it will be wise to follow such a course in the beginning and progressively to try year long  penances. Better you think yourself. Our lent prayers and other spiritual exercises are for ordinary people. If you will practice that properly high steps can easily be reached. It depends upon you to do everything according to the result of your self examination and spiritual capability. We hope to leave for Parumala by next week and from there to Kottayam.
Yours in the Lord, God bless you
Bishops House Kundara

The sweet wisdom of the Holy Father was heartily accepted by Rev Mathews. For the time being he postponed the idea of year long silence. He practised short periods of silence and fasting . His pupils too followed the course

Lord have mercy

September 4, 2017
Calgary, Canada

Tuesday, August 15, 2017

Honour Her - Mary , Mother of God Full of Grace

We remember specially the falling asleep of Mary , Mother of God on the Feast of Dormition together with the Church all over - August 15 in Gregorian calendar.  see links by Rincy  Raju to read on the feast

The tradition of the Girdle of St. Mary  given to St. Thomas  is so dear and found in the various hymns of the Church  and recorded in the Synaxarium within Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Christian traditions.  See how it is noted  in the hymn after the Gospel is heard on the Feast of Dormition in our tradition . ( Translation as in living sacrifice prayer book)

"1. St. Thomas told me how he reached Jerusalem from India . When praying the Holy Spirit asked to go to take part in the burial of the Mother of God. A cloud came and brought me here . I saw angels, carrying the dead body of the mother to Heaven . I pleaded to stop. Let me get the blessings from that Holy body. Angels stopped and bowed. I was given the towel and girdle as a witness to the coming of Paradise of Eden. I sing songs of praise along with angels of God who allowed to  celebrate the day of Dormition in earth and heaven.

2. St. Thomas spoke to the other disciples seen near the tomb of St, Mary in Gethsamen. He asked to open the tomb to receive blessings along with them. When opened the did not find the body there. They wondered when the disciples showed the place where her body was placed, St. Thomas showed the towel and girdle o the mother and said that she reached heaven. The Lord who honored the Dormition of His mother is praiseworthy. "

It is believed that the Tomb of St. Thomas who was buried in Mylapur in India held the girdle of  St. Mary and was moved along with the bones of St. Thomas . Tradition has its relics in Homs , Syria and in Mount Athos.

We typically fast on Dormition Lent and on every Wednesday as well  as have these as the feast days called to commemorate.

  • January 15: Feast of the Virgin of the Sowing.
  • March 25:  Dormition of the Virgin Mary.
  • May 15: Feast of the Virgin Mary of the Harvest.
  • August 15: Assumption of the Virgin Mary .
  • September 8: Nativity of the Virgin Mary.
  • December 26: Glorification of the Mother of God

  • On the feasts , It is interesting  that Syrian Orthodox Church has these  feasts  , which is not found in other traditions  -  January 15 as feast for sowing, May 15 as feast for harvest and August 15 as the feast for vine.  Through the mercy of God because of our interaction with the Syrians Church , the Indian Church adopted  them as well.

    The special song for commemorating Mother Mary at the end of the Holy Qurbana in Indian Church showed the history of these feasts to be coming to the Syrian Church through St. John the Apostle . Remember we know St. John lived in Ephesus and whom Mother Mary was bestowed by our Lord and God Jesus Christ. See the translation from Malayalam in English

     'John the Apostle when he came to Ephesus brought a book written about the Virgin Mother. In it, it is asked to celebrate three feasts every year to remember the blessed lady. - To remember the spike of corn in the month of Edavam ,to remember the seed in the month of Makram , to remember grapes in the month of Children. Let her prayers be our refuge.'

    In all through eternity the Lord  Honors her , while the Church  too will continue to praise and seek the intercession of Mary, Mother of God.  May the Lord Jesus Christ, our God and Saviour save us through the prayer of His Mother Mary the Holy Theotokos as we too remember her on this day

    August 15, 2017

    Saturday, August 12, 2017

    Re -Affirmation after new Supreme Court Verdict - Constitutional and Mind Set Change

    I had shared this from 2000 and more strongly across ICON discussion group in 2003 when the court cases was being so much discussed , that the Church not become Nationalistic under the lawyers or under fanatical Petrine Supremacy mentality that the evil one sowed into our hearts. I felt it is fitting at this occasion to re- affirm in 2017 .  .
    "The Catholicate is the Autonomous and Autocephalous Body of Christ , Re-established in 1912 at India , The primary Church as one of the 6 in the Oriental Orthodox Commune (Others in this commune- Syrian, Ethiopian , Eritrean , Armenian and Coptic) ,the potential and possibility of being witness of Christ . It should not be allowed ,because of the help the Syrian Church came and it was added as a compromise to the 1934 Constitution for peace ,be a stumbling block to the real challenge facing the Catholicate .

    Let us pray that the Church will take  out these two clauses - 1.  'The Malankara Church is a division of the Orthodox Syrian Church. The Primate of the Orthodox Syrian Church is the Patriarch of Antioch.' as well as
    2. ' The Malankara Church was founded by St.Thomas the Apostle and is included in the Orthodox Syrian Church of the East and the Primate of the Orthodox Syrian Church of the East is the Catholicos.

    and replace with a new Canon that will supersede the statement in Constitution or replace Constitution with this:

    ' The Malankara (Indian ) Orthodox Church , established by our Lord and God Jesus Christ  through St. Thomas in India in AD 52 ,is an Orthodox Christian Church and its Catholicate re-established  in 1912 in the Oriental Orthodox Christian commune. The Head of the Church and its Catholicate is Jesus Christ and guiding its members in living out its Orthodox Christian faith through Temporal and Spiritual leadership and guidance in is entrusted as Stewards primarily to its Primate the Catholicos of the East and its Synodical Bishops in conjunction with its Malankara Association Managing committee '
    When we have this clause out , Then we will see if the Catholicate can and will fully trust in God . We will also see if real Oriental Orthodox Christian Unity exist  and if we really care for it , for we have seen in North America neither the Bishops of the Catholicate and the others in Commune had no issues that we are not included in SCOOCH - Standing Council of Oriental Orthodox Churches as a member and we are not participating  in its activities.  The Church as always had to make a stand .  Our Fathers showed us this and let us continue .

    Let us week and cry out -'May the Catholicate be sustained through the Mercy of our Lord nd the prayers of Mary the Mother of God and the Saints' . ' Guide us O Lord , Come to our Help , Teach us to live out and stand up for your faith .'

    George Varghese
    Calgary, Canada
    August 12, 2017

    P.s Having said this , to avoid irresponsible accusation in future ,be they Bishops or Priests might come out and claim this post as one sided , Please read this in conjunction with various posts in this blog and not this in isolation and that this is the voice of a lay man with many many short comings.
    See as an example related post

    Friday, August 4, 2017

    An old article on Feast of Transfiguration by Rambachen Fr. M.S Skariah of Memory Eternal

    Feast of Transfiguration - Manifestation of Divine Nature
    Matthew 17: 1-8, Mark 9: 2-8, Luke 9: 27-36

    (Rev. M.S. Sakariah Ramban, Delhi)

    In August, our church has two important feasts.
    On August 6th the feast of  Transfiguration and on August 15th the Ascension (Dormition) of the Mother of God. In the third year of His ministry, our Lord Jesus Christ spoke more frequent to His disciples about His Passion, but related it always with His glory and His suffering on the Cross. That His expected suffering should not utterly shatter His disciples, so that they fall away from Him, He  decided to reveal to them, before His passion, something of His divine glory.

    The Evangelists Matthew, Mark and Luke narrate that event. Our Lord went up a mountain with His three disciples : Peter, James and John. These there disciples were the witnesses in some of the most important events in the life of our Lord. On the mountain our Lord began to pray. And as He was praying, He was transfigured. The Evangelists narrate this event with vivid expressions. Luke says "as He prayed, the appearance of His face altered, and His robe, became white and glistening" (9:29). Mark says, " His clothes became shining, exceedingly white, like snow, such as no launderer on earth can whiten them"  (9: 3). This means that His dress was intensively white. Matthew writes, "His face shone like the sun, and His clothes became white as the light? (17:2.) He revealed to them radiant in glory and splendour.

    According to the tradition, this incident took place on the Mount Tabor. But the Gospels do not give the name of the place. But simply say that " a high mountain". Luke given an interesting expression:- "as He was praying" Jesus was transfigured-or He was seen in an intense light. What does it mean? Church Fathers say that Our Lord was revealing the destiny of human  beings, the goal of our Christian life. In the Bible, light or whiteness is the symbol of the presence of God, goodness ! Light is almost always associated with God or the divine revelation. When God is present in our life, when the spirit of God abides in us, we are transfigured, we become source of light for others. Through this incident, our Lord was revealing that our destiny is to attain light, whiteness " glory. God is light and source of light. He is the One who dwells in light unapproachable, and who is, in the Psalmist's words, in Your light we see light(36:9). The shining clouds, reflecting light and yet concealing, were for the Ancient Hebrews the Shekinah, the symbol of God's glory. For a brief moment the disciples saw the light of God shining through Him. As St. John wrote in the prologue to his Gospel: " In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it' (1:4-5). For this reason we confess in the Creed Christ as "God from God" and "Light from Light" .

    The goal of our life is for this light, the goodness, the purity, the sinlessness. In the coming world we will attain this condition. St. Paul as convinced of it. He wrote in 1Cor 15: 51-54. It was this life of the coming world which was revealed in the transfiguration of Christ. In the Book of Revelation St. John speaks of this life - Life in light; Revelation Chapter 7, St. John saw the heaven opened before him; he saw the throne of Christ, thousands and thousands of people standing before the throne clothed in white robes and glorifying Christ. We are called to this heavenly worship - Clothed in white robes. All our worship, our prayers, sacraments and spiritual activities have one goal - To prepare us for that life of light, life of glory, life of purity, life filled with God.

    None of the Resurrection appearances of our Lord seems to have impressed the apostles with quite the same celestial glory as the experience of transfiguration. The light shining forth upon Tabore is divine light of revelation - No more symbol or fantasy, but the presence of God Himself. Way back in Exodus, Moses had encountered the Divine presence at the burning bush in Sinai, which was in flames but not consumed. Elijah was taken up to heaven in a fiery chariot. The three young Jews, Meshach, Shadrach and Abednego, at the court of the king of Babylon, who were thrown into the burning fiery furnace for refusing to worship false gods, were protected by the divine presence amidst the flames. The same presence is manifested in the light of Transfiguration.

    Moses and Elijah, the great prophets of the Old Testaments appeared beside our Lord and talked Him. Both of them had the experience of light in their life, when Moses came down from Mt. Sinai his face shone and the people of Israel could not look at his face. Elijah was taken to heaven in a chariots of fire. The disciples saw them talking to Jesus. Luke writes on the subject of their conversation - the suffering of Jesus in Jerusalem.
    Why did Moses and Elijah appear?. To shatter the Jewish fallacy that Christ was one of the prophets - Elijah, Jeremiah or one of the others. This was why He revealed Himself as King over the prophets and Moses and Elijah appeared as His servants. Talking with Christ, Moses and Elijah showed that He is Lord of both the living and the dead, and God who spoke of old through the Law and the Prophets.

    Why did our Lord take only three disciples with Him to Mt. Tabore, and not all of them? According to one interpretation, Judas was not worthy to behold the divine glory of the Master whom he was to betray, and the Lord did not want to leave him alone at the foot of the mountain. Another interpretation upholds that God Himself had given the Law through Moses: "At the mouth of two witnesses or.of three, shall the matter be established"
    (Deut. 19:15). Three witnesses were, then, enough. There was, though, a special reason for choosing these three disciples. The three of them represented the three chief virtues: Peter-faith, for he was the first to proclaim his faith in Christ as the God; James-hope, for it was with hope in  the promise of Christ that he was the first to lay down his life for the Lord, being the first martyred; John-love, for stayed beneath the Lord's Cross till the end.

    Why was He transfigured on the mountain and not in the valley? That He might teach us two virtues: love of toil and pondering on God. To climb to the heights involves toil, and the heights represent the heights of our thoughts: pondering on God. Why was He transfigured at night? Because the night is more fitted to prayer and meditation than the day, and because the night covers all earthly beauty with darkness and reveals the beauty of the starry heavens.

    Our Lord had many times shown His divine power to His disciples, but on Tabore He showed them His divine nature. This vision of His divinity and the hearing of the heavenly witness to Him as the Son of God must have been of support to the disciples in the days of the Lord's suffering, for the strengthening of a steadfast faith in Him and His final victory.

    For Orthodox Christians, the feast of transfiguration plays a much wider theological role than the Western Christians. It is the promise and foretaste of our weak and sinful human nature is to be purified by the divine fire and irradiated with the eternal light. We are summoned to share  in the community life of the most Holy Trinity. O ! let us who love to see and hear things past understanding, mystically behold Christ shine as lightening with the rays of divine splendour, and let us make the Father's voice resound, who proclaimed His as His well loved Son. On Mount Tabor He makes bright the weakness of man and bestows enlightenment upon our souls !.
    (Greek Orthodox church Vespers)

    The Divine glory revealed in the face of our Lord Jesus Christ, was none  other than love, a love that is the Spirit of living God poured into our hearts that we may be transformed, transfigured into the likeness of God.